Borough-wide 20mph speed limit
We are introducing a 20mph speed limit on all residential streets across the borough in spring 2017. Work started in mid-March 2017 and is due to be completed by May 2017.
This does not include the Transport for London Red Routes, main roads classified as ‘A’ or ‘B’ roads, and private roads.
We have introduced several 20mph zones as part of road safety measures over the years, which have proven effective at reducing traffic accidents. A 20mph zone is designed as a self-enforcing speed limit by physically changing the road environment by installing traffic calming measures; every street over 50m long within a 20mph zone needs to have traffic calming. Such schemes are relatively expensive to implement, which is why only a few were being installed every year in response to resident representations and monitoring of traffic speeds and accidents.
However, a recent change in legislation now allows the creation of 20mph limit areas with signage and road markings alone, without traffic calming as is required for 20mph zones. This created an opportunity to introduce 20mph limit in larger areas without a large budget for traffic calming all the streets.
Following several petitions from residents for reducing speeds to 20mph in their streets, we decided to conduct a borough-wide consultation to gauge the support for a blanket 20mph restriction on all residential roads in the borough. A survey was carried out in March 2016 and a majority (59%) of those who responded supported the proposals. A further 64% said that main roads should be excluded from the 20mph limit.
Now we are working on the engineering design of the borough-wide 20mph limit and planning the implementation by May 2017.
Roads excluded from proposed 20mph limit
All TfL roads designated as Red Routes, except their short extensions into side roads, other main roads classified as ‘A’ or ‘B’ roads, and private roads are excluded from the 20mph speed limit.
'A' roads controlled by the borough include Albert Bridge Road, Buckhold Road, Falcon Road, Garratt Lane, Lavender Hill, Merton Road, Mitcham Lane, Mitcham Road, Putney Bridge Road, Putney High Street, Putney Hill, Queens Circus, Queenstown Road, St John’s Hill, Tibbet’s Road, Wandsworth Bridge Road, and Wimbledon Parkside.
'B' roads controlled by the borough include Amen Corner, Bedford Hill, Bellevue Road, Bolingbroke Grove, Broomwood Road, Burntwood Lane, Church Lane, Earlsfield Road, Lombard Road, Lower Richmond Road, Nightingale Lane, Northcote Road, Queens Ride, Rectory Lane, St James Drive, Silverthorne Road, Spencer Park, Summerstown, Vicarage Crescent, Westbridge Road, and Windmill Road.
Benefits of 20mph roads
Safer Roads - A lower speed limit will help reduce the actual and perceived danger on the streets, and take a step towards reclaiming the streets as a social place where neighbours interact with each other and encourage more children to walk or cycle to school. Slower traffic speeds can enable the elderly to travel independently and safely.
Studies show that compared to 30mph, not only are the number of accidents reduced in 20mph roads, but also their severity, for example:
- In Hammersmith and Fulham, before and after casualty monitoring (both for three year periods) for various zones showed a decrease in injuries of between 40% and 70%
- The chance of a pedestrian sustaining a fatal injury from a collision decreases from approximately 55% at an impact speed of 30mph to 17% at an impact speed on 20mph
- Strong evidence that 20mph zones result in speed reductions. Such zones result in a decline in speeds of about 9mph on average. Even in a worst case scenario of roads with just signs only, there is an average speed reduction of 2.5mph
Health Benefits - Lower speed streets help improve physical and mental health. People are encouraged to walk and cycle more, providing a chance to exercise regularly. Air and noise pollution are also reduced at 20mph, by supporting sustainable transport and encouraging transport modal shift.
There are two main methods of speed limit enforcement, passive and active. Passive speed enforcement is achieved by changing the road environment, ranging from the minimal legal requirement of installing appropriate signage and road markings, to delivering engineering solutions consisting of various traffic calming measures. Active speed enforcement is carried out by either the police, who are responsible for enforcing all speed limits, or with the assistance of local residents who wish to take part in the Community Road Watch.
Currently, we are planning to install only the signage and road markings, and monitor voluntary compliance with the new 20mph limit before considering other enforcement methods. This will be coupled with publicity campaigns to raise the awareness of the benefits of the lower speed limits and encourage people to drive slower in residential streets. Where compliance remains an issue, we will tackle it as a road safety matter and work with the police for active enforcement, and consider new traffic calming schemes if necessary.
We will be monitoring the before and after traffic speeds in areas that are becoming 20mph. This will allow us to have a targeted approach towards enforcement in collaboration with the police and the community, and also help us identify areas for future road safety schemes.
Frequently Asked Questions
Will it work?
This is the first step towards reducing the speeds to 20mph on residential roads after the majority of the residents supported these proposals. We have the power to introduce a reduced speed limit of 20mph, which lays down the legal basis for the police to enforce it. Without this first step, the legal speeds will remain at 30mph. We also have the authority to make physical modifications to the roads that discourage higher speeds, such as speed humps, road narrowing's, and various other traffic calming measures. However, such measures cannot be rolled out across the borough, not only because of the financial constraints, but also because many of the streets may not need such measures. We will be monitoring the speeds after the new 20mph speed limit is introduced, and carry out further steps as appropriate in the future to improve road safety in the borough.
The borough limit will work alongside neighbouring borough's 20mph speed limits such as Lambeth. This is expected to bring about a culture change so that it is socially unacceptable to drive over 20mph in London.
Will it affect journey times?
Changing speed from 30mph to 20mph increases travel time by 1 minute per mile, if one could drive at constant speed. However, the major delay during a typical journey is because of congestion, junctions, signals, pedestrian crossings, etc. Since the speed on the main roads will not be reduced and the new 20mph limit will only apply to residential streets, it is estimated that the average increase in travel time will only be about 20 seconds for a typical journey by car in London.
Will this increase street clutter?
To make 20mph speed limit legally enforceable, we need to install the necessary signage and road markings. However, we are aiming to keep the installation of new posts to a minimum by utilising existing posts and lamp columns where possible.
How is the scheme being funded?
The cost of implementing the scheme is being met by a Transport for London grant that will pay mainly for appropriate signage and road markings to inform the drivers of the new limit, and the before and after speed monitoring. There are no plans for any physical traffic calming measures like speed humps as part of this scheme.
Given the cost of a ‘slight’ classified accident alone is £22,300 (police, fire, ambulance, insurance, legal and loss of income etc.) and Wandsworth Council experiences 868 slight accidents a year, even a moderate reduction in slight collisions, say 6% (52) – which is well under the evidenced average outcome, would yield a saving of £1,161,384 meaning the cost of the scheme would pay for itself in less than a year. It should also be noted that this excludes the average cost of a ‘serious’ classified accident at £206,517 and fatality at £1,790,203. Over the last ten years, we have unfortunately experienced two fatalities a year on average and this alone adds a cost of over £3.5m per annum to the taxpayer.
Will there be more speed bumps?
Physical measures have not been included in this scheme however we will continue to investigate and consider roads for further traffic calming where there are high levels of personal injury accidents, traffic speeds and volumes. If traffic calming is required at a particular location then a public consultation will be carried out in the normal way in a new and separate proposal. No existing traffic calming will be removed as part of the 20mph speed limit.
Will any parking be lost?
There are no proposals to remove any parking as part of this scheme.